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What Causes Hammertoe?

Monday, 01 April 2019 00:00

If you notice your middle toes are bent in a downward position, you may have what is referred to as hammertoe. The second toe is typically affected, and it may resemble a hammer as a result of the way it is bent. The most common reasons for hammertoes to develop may be from wearing footwear that does not fit correctly. These may include shoes which do not have ample room for the toes to move freely in. Additional reasons why this condition may develop may be genetic factors, or existing medical conditions which may include bunions or arthritis. Many people experience common symptoms when hammertoe has developed. These may include toe pain when the toes are stretched downward, toes that are curled, or thickened skin on the affected toe and surrounding areas. Hammertoes may be prevented by wearing shoes that fit correctly, and this often means choosing shoes that have adequate room for the toes to move about in. If you have this ailment, please consult with a podiatrist who can discuss proper treatment options with you.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Romeo Foot & Ankle Clinic. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact one of our our offices located in Washington, and Shelby Townships, MI . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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